Are There Different Types of French Bulldogs?

Are There Different Types of French Bulldogs?

Yes, while all French Bulldogs belong to the same breed, they can be categorized based on their coat color and patterns. Popular coat colors include fawn, brindle, white, and combinations. Additionally, there are rare types like blue French Bulldog, chocolate, and lilac which have gained attention but are not always recognized or preferred by official breed standards. Regardless of color, their affectionate nature and distinctive bat-like ears make them universally endearing. Always consult breed standards if considering showing or breeding.

Different Types of French Bulldogs

Different Types of French Bulldogs

French Bulldog Different Colors & Patterns


The Brindle French Bulldog has a dark coat with lighter streaks, giving them a tiger-stripe appearance. This pattern can vary in intensity, with some dogs having a predominantly dark coat and just a few lighter streaks, while others might have more evenly distributed brindle markings. Brindle is one of the most common and recognizable color patterns in French Bulldogs.


Fawn French Bulldogs come in a range of light tan to dark deer-red color. Their coat is uniformly colored without any patterns, but sometimes they might have a slight brindle or white marking on their chest. Their warm, solid color gives them a particularly endearing appearance.

Fawn French bulldog


Pied French Bulldogs are predominantly white with prominent patches of another color, typically brindle, fawn, or black. These patches can appear anywhere on their body. The pied pattern results from the piebald gene, which causes the white coloration with colored patches.


White French Bulldogs have a pure, snowy coat that lacks large patches of other colors. Sometimes, they have slight markings or shading in cream or fawn, especially around the ears or eyes. Their striking appearance often draws attention, but potential owners should be aware that white or very light-colored dogs can sometimes be prone to deafness, so it’s essential to conduct health checks when considering a white Frenchie.



Black French Bulldogs sport a solid, deep black coat without any traces of brindle or other colors. Their dark and glossy coat gives them a sleek and elegant appearance. It’s noteworthy that pure black is not always recognized in breed standards in some kennel clubs. Health should always be prioritized over coat color, and working with reputable breeders is key.


Sable French Bulldogs have a coat characterized by black-tipped hairs on a fawn or tan background. This gives them a slightly “dusty” or “smudged” appearance, with the dark tips providing a beautiful contrast to the lighter base coat color. Sable is one of the less common colors for French Bulldogs but is undoubtedly captivating due to its unique shading and depth.



Cream French Bulldogs have a uniform pale cream to off-white coat. They don’t have any patterns, and their soft, monochromatic appearance is often likened to that of a tiny polar bear. A dilution of the fawn gene causes their coat.


Blue French Bulldogs have a unique coat color, a muted grey with a slightly bluish tint. This unique color is caused by a rare gene that dilutes the black color, giving them a distinctive appearance. However, potential owners should be aware that the blue color can sometimes be associated with health issues.



Chocolate French Bulldogs are adorned with a rich, deep brown coat. This coloring is due to a recessive gene, making chocolate Frenchies relatively rare. The intensity of the chocolate hue can vary, but it always gives the dog a distinct and luxurious look.


Lilac French Bulldogs have a coat that’s a mix of blue and chocolate. It’s a diluted brown and blue, creating a unique silvery, light color. It’s one of the rarer colors and is produced when a dog inherits both the blue and chocolate dilution genes.

Lilac French bulldog


Isabella French Bulldogs are one of the rarest color variations in the breed. The Isabella color is diluted chocolate, resulting in a pale lilac or taupe-like hue with a silvery sheen. The unique coloring comes from the combination of two dilution genes: one that affects black pigment (resulting in blue) and one that affects the red pigment. When a French Bulldog inherits two copies of both dilution genes, the result is the Isabella color. This color is often associated with a high price tag due to its rarity.


The Merle French Bulldog boasts a distinctive coat pattern characterized by a mottled or “marbled” appearance with patches of diluted pigment interspersed with spots of full color. This unique and striking pattern is due to the Merle gene, which affects how pigment is distributed in the dog’s coat. Merle Frenchies can come in various base colors, from blue to fawn, with the merle pattern overlay.


French Bulldogs Different Coats

Short Coat

This is the standard and most common coat type for French Bulldogs. It’s short, smooth, and lies close to the body. The short coat is easy to groom and requires minimal maintenance compared to longer coat types.

Fluffy (Long-haired) Coat

Fluffy or long-haired French Bulldogs are a result of a recessive gene. This coat type is longer and softer than the standard short coat, often giving them a “fluffy” appearance. These Frenchies require a bit more grooming to prevent matting and to keep their coat looking their best. The long-haired gene in French Bulldogs is relatively rare, so fluffy Frenchies are less common and can often fetch a higher price.

Rare or Non-standard Coats

There are reports of French Bulldogs with atypical coat textures, such as curly or wiry hair. These are not standard for the breed and are quite rare. Their origin can be attributed to genetic variations or potentially mixed ancestry.

French Bulldogs Different Coats

French Bulldog Different Sizes

Standard Size

The standard-sized French Bulldog typically weighs between 16 to 28 pounds (7 to 12 kg) when fully grown. This is the most common size and is what most people envision when they think of a French Bulldog.

Mini or Teacup French Bulldog

The “Mini” or “Teacup” French Bulldog is a smaller version, weighing under 16 pounds (7 kg) when fully grown. It’s worth noting that “Teacup” is not an officially recognized size by major kennel clubs but is a term used by some breeders to market smaller dogs. These smaller versions can sometimes be prone to additional health issues, so it’s crucial to work with reputable breeders if considering a mini-sized Frenchie.

Oversized or Large French Bulldog

Some French Bulldogs can grow larger than the standard size, weighing more than 28 pounds (12 kg). While this is less common, it can occur due to genetics or breeding practices. These larger French Bulldogs might have a more robust or sturdy appearance but are essentially the same in temperament and characteristics as the standard size.

French Bulldog Different Sizes

How to Choose the Right French Bulldog Type?

  • Research the Breed: Understand the basic characteristics and needs of French Bulldogs. They are known for their affectionate nature, adaptability to apartment living, and some potential health concerns.
  • Determine Size Preference: Decide if you want a standard-sized Frenchie, a mini, or an oversized one. Remember that non-standard sizes might come with additional health considerations.
  • Color and Coat Preferences: While appearance shouldn’t be the sole deciding factor, you might have a preference for a specific color or coat type. Certain colors or patterns can sometimes be associated with specific health issues.
  • Health and Genetics: Always prioritize health. Ask breeders about genetic testing, potential hereditary issues, and any health guarantees they might offer. For instance, if you’re considering a long-haired (fluffy) Frenchie, research potential health differences compared to short-haired ones.
  • Activity Level and Temperament: While most Frenchies have a relatively relaxed temperament, individual dogs might vary in their activity levels and personalities. Think about your lifestyle and what temperament would best suit it.
  • Budget: French Bulldogs, especially certain colors or types, can be expensive. Set a budget and stick to it. However, avoid breeders offering unusually low prices as this could indicate poor breeding practices.
  • Choose a Reputable Breeder: Always work with reputable breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of their dogs. They should be willing to answer any questions and provide references. A good breeder will also ask questions to ensure you’re a suitable owner.
  • Consider Adoption: There are many French Bulldogs in shelters or rescue groups looking for a second chance. Adopting a Frenchie can be a rewarding experience and an excellent way to give a dog a loving home.
  • Living Conditions: French Bulldogs are adaptable, but think about your living situation. They do well in apartments but require air conditioning in hot climates due to their brachycephalic nature.
  • Consult with Current Owners: Join French Bulldog groups online or in your community. Interacting with current owners can give you insights into the breed and help you determine the right type for you.


What are standard French Bulldog colors?

The standard colors for French Bulldogs, as recognized by major kennel clubs like the American Kennel Club (AKC), include brindle, fawn, white, and combinations of brindle or fawn with white (pied). These are the traditional and most commonly accepted colors for the breed.

What is the most expensive French Bulldog type?

Rare colors and patterns such as blue, lilac, merle, and Isabella often fetch higher prices due to their uniqueness and demand. Additionally, the “fluffy” or long-haired French Bulldog, due to its rarity, can also command a higher price tag.

What is the best French Bulldog color?

The “best” color is subjective and varies based on individual preferences. All colors have their charm and appeal. However, potential owners should prioritize health over color, as some non-standard colors might be associated with health issues. Always choose a Frenchie based on its health and temperament rather than solely its coat color.

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